Monday, 25 December 2017

A Quick Guide To Optimizing Code Sharing & Reusability With Xamarin

An enterprise needs to focus on a myriad of factors when planning their cross-platform app development. From exploring simple ways to creating multiple versions of their app to making it unique and more usable, many enterprises consider Xamarin as the best cross-platform app development framework.

Not only does it help to build multiple versions of an app through a single codebase but also leverages C# to enable programmers to share the code across various cross-platform apps using three different techniques:

1. Shared Projects – This method uses the Shared Asset Project type to organize the source code alongside using #if compiler devices to manage platform-specific requirement when required.

2. Portable Class Libraries – In this method, you can create a Portable Class Library (PCL) to target the platform you want your app to support and use interfaces that provide platform-specific functionality.

3. .NET Standard Libraries – The .NET Standard Libraries work just like PCLs do. It uses interfaces to inject platform-specific functionality.

In this article, we will review all the alternative techniques for sharing code between cross-platform mobile apps while pursuing Xamarin mobile application development services. The goal is to help you choose the right project type for your cross-platform mobile apps. So, let’s get started.

Shared Projects:
Shared Project is the easiest approach to sharing code files. The picture below shows a solution file that contains three mobile app projects, each for Android, iOS, and Windows as well as a shared project that includes common C# codebase.

The following diagram shows the conceptual architecture where each project comprises all the shared source code files.

• Shared Project makes source code shareable across multiple app projects
• Shared code files can be branched depending on the platform using compiler directives
• App projects can contain platform-specific references that the shared code can utilize

• Shared Project doesn’t have an ‘output’ assembly, unlike other project types. At the time of compilation, the files are considered to be a part of the referencing project and compiled within that assembly. If you desire to share code as an assembly then PCL or .NET Standard Library is a better option.
• Refactoring operations that affect code within ‘inactive’ compiler directives do not update your code.

Portable Class Libraries:

• PCLs let you share code across multiple app projects
• Refactorings update all the affected references regularly

• PCLs do not use compiler directives
• You can only use a subset of the .NET framework determined by the profile selected

.NET Standard Libraries:

• .NET Standard Libraries enable you to share code across multiple app projects
• Refactorings update all the affected references regularly
• A massive surface area of .NET BCL (Base Class Library) is available in place of PCL profiles

• .NET Standard Libraries do not use compiler directives

The code sharing strategy you implement must be driven by the mobile platforms you wish to target. Choose the right method and ensure that it works best for your cross-platform app project. PCL and .NET Standard Libraries are best suited for building sharable code libraries while Shared Projects are ideal app developers planning to use a lot of platform-specific functionalities in their hybrid mobile apps. In case of any queries pertaining to this tutorial, reach out to us using the comment box below. 

5 Reasons You Must Choose Microsoft Dynamics CRM Over Salesforce

When it comes to choosing the right customer relationship management solution, enterprises are often conflicted between the two best options – Microsoft Dynamics and Salesforce. Although both these CRM platforms are powerful and popular around the globe, it is important to opt for the one that offers a wide range of features and functionalities to cater to your diverse business requirements. In this article, we have discussed five key reasons that make Microsoft Dynamics CRM a better option than Salesforce.

Dynamics 365 Vs Salesforce
Dynamics 365 Vs Salesforce

1. User Experience:
Microsoft Dynamics CRM offers extensive marketing, reporting, analysis, and client data management capabilities. It provides functionalities for customer service and partner channel management, however, falls short due to inadequate eCommerce and field service functionalities. Dynamics 365 also comes with event-driven workflow to enable consistent process executions and notifications. 

It also offers a great mobile option for iOS, Android, and Windows applications while Salesforce doesn’t. The gamification features in Microsoft Dynamics CRM pushes all the right buttons whereas with Salesforce you are required to buy external add-ons to leverage such functionality. 

2. Productivity:
Dynamics CRM users get Outlook alongside OWA experience with complete CRM online and offline access. It even includes Office 365 experiences such as Skype, SharePoint, Yammer, OneNote, and OneDrive. It enables department and organization-wide collaboration via Office 365 Groups to exchange emails, documents, calendars, etc. Salesforce doesn’t offer these features but lets you buy add-ons for using it.

3. Flexibility:
Certainly, features are important. But what matters more is the ability to configure the CRM system in a way that it fits your unique business requirements. Since the requirements are your competitive differentiators, you wouldn’t want to forgo them and accommodate the software accordingly. As a result, in this category, Dynamics CRM is a winner as you can leverage Microsoft Dynamics CRM development and customize the system according to your needs.

4. Deployment & Support:
When it comes to deploying the CRM software, Microsoft Dynamics CRM offers an on-premises, a cloud, and a hybrid option. While Salesforce is available as a cloud only application. Dynamics CRM even offers a wide array of licensing options to accommodate different enterprises with varying budgets and requirements. It has 99.9 percent SLAs (Service Level Agreements) while Salesforce has none. So, Dynamics CRM is a clear winner, hands down. 

5. Analytics:
With Salesforce, you can ‘Export Static Reports’ to Excel only but without any list views through Analytics Cloud. This can be quite expensive. On the other hand, MS Dynamics CRM provides interactive Excel experiences embedded within the list views and immersive report exports. It also provides Power BI apps for Sales alongside pre-built and shareable analytics templates. Dynamics CRM further lets you export from CRM to Excel for your mobile phones and tablets.

To conclude, making a well-informed, precise decision for employing a CRM software should not only be based on the range of features, responsiveness, and cost. You must also determine what is well-suited for business growth, change, and expansion. Which CRM solution do you use for your organization? Tell us about it using the comment section below. 

Wednesday, 1 February 2017

Java vs JavaScript – Which Is A Better Programming Language?

People often confuse Java for JavaScript and vice versa. Though most programmers would roll their eyes at this confusion, history had these two languages intersect for a while during early Netscape days. However, since then, both these languages have evolved in completely different ways.

A highly famed web developer, Jeremy Keith once said, “Java is to JavaScript as ham is to a hamster.” If this still doesn’t help you clear your confusion, here’s a brief comparison on Java and JavaScript.

What is Java?

Java is a general-purpose, object-oriented programming language that runs on WORA (Write Once, Run Anywhere) philosophy. Enterprises leverage Java application development services to build applications that are compiled into bytecode which runs on the JVM (Java Virtual Machine) implementations. Java is a preferred choice of programming language among developers for web and server-side application development. It is used in Android mobile app development as a default programming language for the OS.

What is JavaScript?

Standardized as ECMAScript, JavaScript along with HTML and CSS is considered one of the most important core elements of web development. It is a scripting language that runs in the browsers to makes web pages interactive and dynamic. A majority of enterprises employ JavaScript to build websites that work well across multiple browsers. Besides web development, JavaScript is also getting popular as a service-side technology with the release of Node.js.

3 Major Differences Between Java and JavaScript:

Compiled vs Interpreted It is considered to be a compiled programming language as it is compiled into bytecode that runs on a JVM. You require a specialized software to make changes in the Java application environment. It is considered as an interpreted scripting language. A browser can interpret JavaScript directly in the syntax in which it is coded. Changes in JavaScript can be done even with a simple text editor.
Static vs Dynamic Type Checking It uses static type checking, where the variable type is checked at compile-time. Developers must specify the variable type they create such as string, integer, double, etc. The benefit of static type checking is that it catches type error early in development as the compiler knows the exact data types being used, resulting in faster code execution or less memory consumption. Just like other scripting languages, it uses dynamic typing, where type safety is verified at runtime. Developers don’t need to specify any type of variable they create. The primary benefit of dynamic checking is developer productivity – they can free assign types at leisure.
Class-based vs Prototype-based It depends on class-based inheritance – a hierarchical, class-based relationship. The objects are defined in a class and inherited through an instance of that class. To accomplish the hierarchy, an object is assigned as a prototype with a constructor function. It follows prototypal inheritance wherein all objects can be directly inherited from other objects.


Whether it’s Java vs JavaScript or any other programming language, the decision ultimately boils down to the requirements of your business and project. Java is a general-purpose language that can be used to build anything like Android apps, enterprise software, server-side applications, Big Data analytics, and more. While JavaScript is still a web technology for creating dynamic single page applications (SPAs), front-end and server-side technologies. It can be used for developing cross-platform mobile apps through platforms like PhoneGap, React Native, etc. Which programming language suits your project needs the best? Let us know in the comments below.